(www.danviet.vn) – Raising wild cross-bred pigs with local pigs (Muong pig) is a project that the Hoa Binh farmers’ committee association is executing in Pho Phu commune, Tan Lam district. This model opens up an opportunity to reduce poverty for poor family.
In the large garden behind the house of Nguyen Thi Bay’s family in Dong village, Phong Phu commune, you’ll find nearly ten black pigs. Ms. Bay said that apart from one purebred boar, all the others are local sows usually refered to as Muong pigs.
Pig-breeding project in Ms. Dao Van Tinh’s garden in Dong village of Phong Phu commune.
There are 6 families participating in the Muong-pig breeding project Phong Phu commune. Ms. Bay’s family raised two sows and one purebred boar; three other families raised two pigs while the two remaining families raised 1 pig each. The first stage of the project was buying gilts from farmers while buying purebred boar from the breeding farm. Afterwards, it gave the purchased pigs to the poor farmers’ families to mix breeds and expanding the herds.
Ms. Bay said that among the 11 sows, 4 were gestating and going to give birth to new litters in December and January of 2012. The pigs are omnivores, crossbred which means that they are tolerant to harsh weather conditions and have a strong immune system. Ms. Bay now hopes that the piglets will inherit these characteristics. “My herd of pigs does not cost me much money because they usually eat potato buds, spinach, cornmash, cassava, … Many people keep saying this is the most suitable type of pig for a poor family and it is actually true.” – Ms. Bay said.
Mr. Dao Van Tho, resident of the Dong village was waiting for the first litter from his sow expected next month. “I will raise all the little pigs. Male pigs are turned into commercial pigs while female pigs are raised into sows. I will give up breeding white crossbred pigs and change to raise this kind of pig instead because it does not cost much but generates a stable and high profit”. – Mr. Tho anticipated.
Expanding the model
The project implemented and expanded the model were purebred wild pig was crossed with the local pig variety (Muong pig). This project instigated by the People’s Association of Hoa Binh province was executed in Phong Phu commune, with the purpose of finding the most suitable breed of pig based on the demand of the market and the living conditions of the people of the mountainous regions. Mr. Nguyen Van Phan – Vice president of Hoa Binh people’s association said: “The project set three main targets which are: helping people to use the cross-bred pig directly and locally; the litters of cross-bred pigs have better qualities; the pigs have more economical value and contributes to the improvement of farmer’s income.” Ms. Bay also said: “Good Muong pigs are now really hard to find, you have to go to a very rural area to find one. This type of pig grows really slowly because they are often being let to wander to find food for themselves. They usually grow only 1 kg per month. However, the price of this pig is often arround VND 130,000 – 150,000 per kilogram, which is 2 or 3 times higher than for normal pigs. If you purchase the revised breed pig from the preservation center, the price for 1 kilogram could be VND 300,000, which represents a considerable amount to poor family.”
“The cross breeding of wild pigs and local pigs will bring many advantageous characteristics to the offspring, amongst other things they become more tolerant to the harsh weather conditions, they have strong immune systems, they’re omnivores and the meat becomes tastier. The demand for this type of breed is also higher, which means that farmers can receive a higher price for their pigs reports have also indicated that the price for this type of pig is rather stable”.
Mr. Nguyen Van Phan – Vice president of People’s Association of Hoa Binh province.
The expansion of this cross-breeding practice between wild pigs and Muong pigs in Phong Phu commune has followed a cost-reduction plan. Initially, any family in the commune that possess a sow can take it to Ms. Bay’s family to breed it with her wild pigs. Secondly, the breeding group has agreed that when the sows breed, the owner will choose one good piglets to give another poor family. Thus, if 11 breeding sows of the project enter the breeding period with the average rate of 2 pigs per sow per year, there will be 20 poor families receiving pigs every year.
“With 1 breeding sow of the project, for each of the first 5 generations, the owner will have to give one little breeding pig to one poor family. From the sixth generation onwards, the owner can keep all the little breeding pigs. We will monitor closely the project execution and the transfer of breeding pigs to poor families”. – Mr. Phan confirmed.