(www.thiennhien.net) – Black-bone chicken is a specific type of chicken raised by the H’Mong people. They were considered to be on the verge of distinction 10 years ago but nowadays, black-bone chickens (H’Mong chicken) are widely spread throughout Vietnam and brings economic benefit to numerous of people.
Realizing the potential benefits of raising black-bone chicken, Mr. Sung A Sua living in Cang villange, Pa Co commune, Mai Chau district, Hoa Binh province has pioneered in developing this model. With a brood of 100 chickens, this year his family was able to celebrate an even better and prosperous Tet than in previous years.
Mr. Sua’s family just only moved to a new residential area two year ago. This area belongs to the Hang Kia – Pa Co environmental preservation area so his family, amongst others, is dependent on the forest and their animal husbandry to survive. In the past, Mr. Sua family raised 1 sow and 1 herd of 8 cows. However, as the cattle need several years to grow, and Mr. Sua was unable to gain any profit the economic situation of his family was quite bad.
About three months ago, when Mr. Sung A No – head of the village announced to everyone in the village meeting that a project focusing on raising black-bone chickens would be launched by the Pan Nature organization. According to this model, people will be instructed on breeding techniques and also loaned to build cages. When the chickens are fully grown, the farmer will then have to return the supported funds to the community managed by the Pa Co Commune Community Development organization.
At that time, many people in the village were reluctant to implement the model as they were unsure of the breeding techniques. They were also afraid that the chickens would contract diseases and that the output of a venture of this sort would yield unstable outputs. However, Mr. Sua decided to try his luck. He laughed when recalling: “When listening to the officers of the People and Nature Center talking about the breeding techniques and building cages, I felt that this is easy”. At first, I was also afraid that the weather here is too cold and that the chickens might contract diseases. However, when being told by the officer that this type of chicken only needs 3-5 months before it could be sold, I decided to raise 100 chickens. When he first brought the chickens home, his wife was skeptical saying: “How can you take care of that many chickens? Besides, nobody in the village are raising these chickens, our family does not even have enough corn to eat let alone feed the chickens with”.
Thanks to the brood of black-bone chickens, this year Mr. Sung A’s family has rice to eat.
Right after receiving the chickens, officers of the Human and Nature Center visited Mr. Sua’s house to help build the cage, using concrete to build a foundation and twigs and leafs to insulate the cage.
The type of chicken that Mr. Sua is raising is a breed selected by Thuy Phuong cattle breed Centre from chickens of H’Mong people living in Son La so it is strong and suitable for the cold weather of the mountainous regions. When I came to visit Mr. Sua’s family, his chickens have had 3 months to grow and they look very healthy, some even begin to coo. While feeding the chickens, he told us:”I took 100 chickens but the hawks have taken 3 chickens, I cooked 3 to test the taste so there are 94 chickens left. Recently I sold 5 chickens for over VND 500.000. Since the chickens still are small (less than 1 kilogram) I let them eat corn and roam the forest in search for food themselves. Currently I am selling chickens to the price of VND 120.000/1 kilogram. The price for chickens here is better than in the plain areas. In the past, my wife did not like the fact that I was raising chickens, now however, she always goes see the chicken first thing in the morning”.
Mr. Sua also reveals: “Now I still have 90 chickens but all of them are reserved. However, I do not intend to sell them all, I will keep some of them for breeding purposes. After this period, I will fully return money to the community and save money to raise more chickens. Thanks to the brood of chickens, this year my family can buy rice and also have delicious chicken to eat”.
Apart from Mr. Sua’s family, in Pa Co commune, there are also 4 other families supported by the project to raise black-bone-chickens. As of today all the chickens of all 4 families are growing up rapidly and can soon be sold. The first-stage success of the black-bone chicken raising models of Mr. Sua’s and 4 other families make many others who were initially reluctant regret that they didn’t register with the Pa Co Commune Community Development Organization to borrow money to raise chickens.
We said goodbye to Mr. Sua when it was feeding time for the chickens. As we were walking I turned my head and I saw that Mr. Sua was still throwing corn to the chickens. A more prosperous Tet awaits the families of the H’Mong people here.