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Ethnic minorities in project locations

Thai Ethnic Minority

Tay or Thay are self-given names of Thai people. They also have other names like: Tay Thanh, Man Thanh, Tay Muoi, Tay Muong, Hang Tong, Tay Do, Tho. Thai Group consists of: “Nganh Den” (Tay Dam),”Nganh trang” (Tay Don or Khao). The language spoken by the Thai people is Tay – Thai (Thai – Ka Dai language group). Thai people originated from Southeast Asia .

Tay Ethnic Minority

Another name of Tay people is Tho. Tao people have some local teams such as: Tho, Ngan, Phen, Thu Lao and Pa Di. Their language belongs to Tay – Thai language group (Tay-Thai language family). Tay people have lived in Vietnam for a very long time, from second half of first millennium B.C.

San Diu Ethnic Minority

San Deo Nhin (Son Dao Nhan) is the name of San Diu people. They also have others names like: Trai, Trai Dat, Man Quan coc, Man Vay xe and so on. San Diu people use Han language.

Muong Ethnic Minority

Muong Ethnic Minority belongs to the Viet – Muong language group. Mol (or Mon, Moan, Mual) are both self-given names of Muong Ethnic Minority. They have the same origin as Vietnamese people living in Hoa Binh, Thanh Hoa, Phu Tho and so on.

Dao Ethnic Group

Dao Ethnic Minorities belong to the H’mongDao Language Group which is divided into many different minorities which each have a different set of habits and customs. The most obvious difference is seen in their clothing: Dao Do, Dao Quan Chet, Dao Thanh Y, Dao Ao Dai, Dao Quan Trang.  Although there are many different groups, they all share the same language which promotes close relationships between many Dao communities.